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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 554-557

Influence of addition of dexmedetomidine or fentanyl to bupivacaine lumber spinal subarachnoid anesthesia for inguinal hernioplasty

Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Zagazig Medical Faculty, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Osama Yehia A Khalifa
Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, PC 44519, Zagazig
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.AER_210_16

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Background: No drug, used as adjuvant to spinal bupivacaine, has yet been identified that specifically inhibits nociception without its associated side effects. Aim of the Work: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of dexmedetomidine and fentanyl with spinal bupivacaine in inguinal hernioplasty. Patients and Methods: Sixty patients of inguinal hernioplasty were randomly allocated to one of three groups, Group C (n = 20) – the patients received 15 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine + 0.5 ml saline. Group D – (n = 20) the patients received 15 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine + 10 μg dexmedetomidine diluted with 0.5 ml saline. Group F (n = 20) – the patients received 15 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine + 25 μg fentanyl (0.5 ml). Onset, duration of anesthesia, degree of sedation, and side effects were recorded. Results: The onset of anesthesia was shorter in Groups D and F as compared with the control Group C, but it was shorter in Group D than in Group F. The duration of sensory and motor block was prolonged in Group D and F as compared with the control Group C, but it was longer in Group D than in Group F. The postoperative analgesic consumption in the first 24 h was lower in Groups D and F than in Group C, and it was lower in Group D than in Group F. Conclusion: Onset of anesthesia is more rapid and duration is longer with less need for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty under spinal anesthesia with dexmedetomidine and fentanyl than those with spinal alone with tendency of dexmedetomidine to produce faster onset, longer duration, and less analgesic need than fentanyl with similar safety profile.

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