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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 781-783

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under segmental thoracic spinal anesthesia: A feasible economical alternative

Department of Anesthesiology, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Aditya Kumar Kejriwal
Department of Anesthesiology, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly - 243 006, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0259-1162.174467

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Laparoscopic surgery is normally performed under general anesthesia, but regional techniques like thoracic epidural and lumbar spinal have been emerging and found beneficial.We performed a clinical case study of segmental thoracic spinal anaesthesia in a healthy patient.We selected an ASA grade I patient undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and gave spinal anesthetic in T10-11 interspace using 1 ml of bupivacaine 5 mg ml−1 mixed with 0.5 ml of fentanyl 50 μg ml−1. Other drugs were only given (systemically) to manage patient anxiety, pain, nausea, hypotension,or pruritus during or after surgery. The patient was reviewed 2 days postoperatively in ward.The thoracic spinal anesthetia was performed easily in the patient.Some discomfort which was readily treated with 1mg midazolam and 20 mg ketamine intravenously.There was no neurological deficit and hemodynamic parameters were in normal range intra and post-operatively and recovery was uneventful. We used a narrow gauze (26G) spinal needle which minimized the trauma to the patient and the chances of PDPH, which was more if 16 or 18G epidural needle had been used and could have increased further if there have been accidental dura puncture. Also using spinal anesthesia was economical although it should be done cautiously as we are giving spinal anesthesia above the level of termination of spinal cord.

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