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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 914-918

Transdermal ketoprofen patch in comparison to eutectic mixture of local anesthetic cream and subcutaneous lidocaine to control pain due to venous cannulation

Department of Anesthesia, ICU and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ayman Anis Metry
Department of Anesthesia, ICU and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.AER_166_18

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Background: This study was established to compare the analgesic and side effects between transdermal ketoprofen patch 30 mg and eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream applied to the peripheral venous cannulation site and lidocaine injection before cannulation. Patients and Methods: One hundred and five adult patients who had been scheduled for elective general surgery with patients' physical status American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I and II were randomly divided into three groups: Group I (EMLA group) received EMLA cream, Group II (lidocaine group) received subcutaneous infiltration of 1 ml of 2% lidocaine HCl 10 min before cannulation, and Group III (ketoprofen group) received a transdermal ketoprofen patch 30 mg. Groups I and III received their cream or patch 60 min before cannulation. The pain resulting from cannulation by an 18G cannula was assessed by a visual analog scale (VAS) at the time of cannulation and every 2 h for another 6 h for all groups. Signs of inflammation at the site of cannulation (erythema, induration, edema, and blanching) were observed at the site of cannulation for 24 h. Results: Ketoprofen patch, EMLA cream, and lidocaine injection were found to be equal in controlling pain caused by venous cannulation with no significant difference in VAS. Signs of inflammation at the site of cannulation (blanching, erythema, and induration) were very evident in Group I (EMLA) which showed significant difference than in other two groups. Conclusions: EMLA cream, ketoprofen patch, and lidocaine injection have equal ability to alleviate pain due to cannulation when applied before the procedure, but ketoprofen patch is more superior as it had less local inflammatory effect in comparison to EMLA cream and without double puncture as with lidocaine injection.

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