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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-15

A randomized controlled study to compare hemodynamic effects between clonidine and pregabalin in laparoscopic cholecystectomy


Department of Anaesthesiology, BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mansi Jain
D-235, FF, Nirman Vihar, New Delhi - 110 092
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aer.AER_15_20

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Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is associated with pneumoperitoneum and hemodynamic disturbances. Pregabalin and Clonidine have been used for anesthetic effects, but a better drug for controlling hemodynamic parameters is being investigated. Aims: The study was done to assess and compare the efficacy of preoperative single oral dose of pregabalin and clonidine in maintaining the hemodynamic parameters in the LC. Settings and Design: The prospective, interventional, randomized, comparative, single-blinded study was conducted in the department of anesthesia and surgery from January 2015 to September 2016 after taking approval from the institutional ethical committee. Materials and Methods: The study included a total of 90 patients, aged between 18 and 56 years of both sexes scheduled for elective LC. Patients were randomized into three groups of 30 each who received oral pregabalin 150 mg, clonidine 200 ug, and placebo. The hemodynamic parameters were recorded at various time intervals along with any adverse events. Statistical Analysis: Quantitative variables were compared using unpaired t-test (when the data sets were not normally distributed) between the two groups. Qualitative variables were compared using Chi-square test/Fisher's exact test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There was a significant increase in the heart rate (HR) and systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure during laryngoscopy and pneumoperitoneum in the control group as compared to both pregabalin and clonidine. HR was significantly lower in clonidine group after extubation and in postoperative period than both control group and pregabalin group. There was no major difference in the incidence of side effects. Conclusion: Both pregabalin (150 mg) and clonidine (200 ug) were effective in controlling the hemodynamic parameters during LC, with clonidine providing better hemodynamic stability than Pregabalin.


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