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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 259-265

Comparison of blood-conserving and allogenic transfusion-sparing effects of antifibrinolytics in scoliosis correction surgery

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain, Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India
4 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Aster Medcity, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mritunjay Kumar
Department of Anaesthesiology Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.AER_59_20

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Background: Intraoperative antifibrinolytic drug administration is a safe and effective method of reducing blood loss and allogenic transfusions in patients undergoing spine deformity correction. Aim: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two antifibrinolytic drugs tranexamic acid (TXA) and epsilon amino caproic acid (EACA) in reducing peri-operative blood loss and transfusion requirements against a placebo control in patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing correction surgery. Setting and Design: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled comparative study. Methodology: Patients in TXA group received 50−1 bolus and 10−1.h−1 infusion as against 100−1 and 10−1.h−1 infusion in EACA group. The placebo group had saline bolus and infusion. Parameters observed included baseline demographic and deformity data, duration of surgery, total peri-operative blood loss, and allogenic packed red cell transfusion requirements. Statistical Analysis: Mean and standard deviation were used to represent the quantitative continuous data, and percentage was used to represent categorical data. The Student's t-test and ANOVA were used to compare means between groups. Bonferroni's multiple comparison test was used to find out the association between categorical variables. Results: A total of 36 patients were enrolled with 12 patients in each group. Peri-operative blood loss was 50.1% lower in patients receiving TXA and 17.7% lower in patients receiving EACA compared with the placebo group. The volume of total packed red cell transfusion was 66.7% lower in patients receiving TXA and 45.6% lower in patients receiving EACA compared with placebo. Conclusion: TXA was more effective in reducing total peri-operative blood loss and allogenic transfusion requirement in idiopathic scoliosis correction surgery compared to EACA.

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