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Efficacy of ultrasound-guided caudal epidural calcitonin for patients with failed back surgery syndrome

 Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Enas A. Abd El motlb,
Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aer.AER_98_19

Context: Pain resulting from failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is generally resistant to physiotherapy and pharmacological treatment. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of adding calcitonin to local anesthetic and steroids during ultrasound-guided caudal epidural injection for patients suffering from FBSS. Patients and Methods: Fifty-six patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups. All patients underwent ultrasound-guided caudal epidural injection. Group A received 40 mg (1 mL) methylprednisolone +9 mL lidocaine 0.5% + 1500 iu hyaluronidase in 10 mL normal saline, whereas Group B received 40 mg (1 mL) methylprednisolone +9 mL of 0.5% lidocaine + 1500 iu hyaluronidase in 5 mL normal saline + 50 iu calcitonin in 5 mL normal saline. Results: A statistically significant decrease in visual analog scale, Oswestry Disability Index, and analgesic consumption was recorded in Group B as compared to Group A at 1, 2, and 3 months interval. No side effects were reported in Group A, whereas patients belong to Group B experienced nausea (2 cases), and diuresis for 24 h was detected in two cases. Conclusion: The addition of calcitonin to epidural steroid and local anesthetic injection resulted in better Oswestry disability scale, diminished pain intensity, and less analgesic consumption.

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